Nanotechnology : Course and Scope
Nanotechnology assumes much importance in the modern scientific and technological world of experiments. Nanotechnology is the application of science, engineering and technology to develop novel materials and devices in various fields in the nano range. Despite its focus on micro world this emerging, multidisciplinary subject has potential to influence every aspects of life. Nanotechnology is one of the top-ranked subjects in academic and research field. It is an enabling technology which generates new capabilities, products, markets and so on.
Nanotechnology programmes are available as five year integrated M.Tech degree course, two year M.Tech degree course, MSc degree course in nanoscience and M.Tech degree in nanomedical science etc.
A few universities offer five year integrated M.Tech degree course in nanotechnology for students who have passed plus two / equivalent examination with physics, chemistry and mathematics or biology with high marks or grades.
The Amity Institute of Nanotechnology in Noida and Jaipur offer integrated M.Tech course in nanotechnology. Sastra University, Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu offer integrated M.Tech degree course in Medical Nanotechnology
Two year M.Tech
Two year full time M.Tech programme in nanotechnology is conducted for B.Tech and MSc degree holders in specified branches / disciplines.
The National Institute of Technology (NIT) Calicut conducts M.Tech programme in Nanotechnology. This programme is designed for students with a background in mechanical / production / chemical engineering and it deals with topics related to the fundamentals and applications of the subject with a focus on emerging areas in nanoscience and nanotechnology.
The course contents include fundamental and applied subjects such as physics of materials, thermodynamics of nano materials and systems, mechanics of molecular size elements, microscale and nanoscale heat transfer, nano sized structures, experimental techniques in nanotechnology and micro electro mechanical systems and a variety of elective subjects ranging from computational nanotechnology to composite materials from which students can choose according to their background and interest. Laboratory courses dealing with production and applications of nanoparticles, nanofluids and nanocomposite will also be offered as part of curriculum.
The specialisation in nanotechnology holds a very high potential for employment in research and development, academics and industries. BE/ B.Tech holders in relevant discipline with atleast 60 percent marks in aggregate along with a valid GATE Score are eligible for admission to M.Tech programme in nanotechnology (www.nitc.ac.in)
The Department of Physics of Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi offers M.Tech degree course in nanotechnology. The entry qualification is MSc degree in physics (chemistry with mathematics upto atleast Bachelors degree level) / electronics science / material science/ electronic instrumentation with atleast 55 percent marks in aggregate or bachelors degree in electrical / mechanical / electronics and communication / computer engineering / instrumentation / computer science with not less than 60 % marks. The duration of the course is two years having four semesters. Course contents includes introduction to solid state physics, fundamental of nanoscience and nanotechnology, foundation in microsystems and nanotechnology.
The Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee provides excellent study facilities for M.Tech degree course in nanotechnology (www.iitr.ac.in)
Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore offers M.Tech degree course in nanotechnology.
Amity Institute of Nanotechnology offers a two year M.Tech degree course in nanotechnology. Those who have obtained a degree in electrical, mechanical, electronics and communication or computer engineering or MSc degree in biotechnology, computer science , physics, chemistry, electronics science, material science, electronic instrumentation are eligible for admission.
Amity Institute of Nanotechnology also offers MSc degree course in Industrial Nanoscience. Entry qualification is B.Tech or BSc degree in physics, chemistry, biotechnology and electronics. The institute comes under the Amity University in the private sector (www.amity.edu).
Some other universities and institutes offering post graduate programmes in nanotechnology or nanoscience are as follows:
• Department of Physics and Astrophysics, University of Delhi (www.du.ac.in) – M.Tech course in nanoscience and nanotechnology.
• Anna University, Coimbatore (www.annauniv.ac.in)- M.Tech in Nanotechnology.
• Periyar Maniamma University, Vallam, Thanjavur (www.pmu.edu) – M.Tech Nanotechnology.
• Bharathiar University, Coimbatore (www.b-u.ac.in)- MSc in Nanoscience and Technology.
• SRM University, Kattankulathur (www.srmuniv.ac.in) – MS degree course in nanoscience.
• Amrita Institute of Medical Science, Kochi (www.amrita.edu) – M.Tech in Nano Medical Science and Technology.
• Kalasalingam University, Anandnagar, Krishnankoil, Virudunagar, Tamil Nadu, (www.kalasinglam.ac.in) – M.Tech in Nanotechnology.
• Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, Ranchi – ME course with nanotechnology as an elective subject.
(The list is only indicative)
Those who successfully complete the M.Tech / PG programmes with good marks can go for research studies leading to PhD in nanotechnology. Delhi University, Banaras Hindu University, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore etc have research facilities in nanotechnology leading to PhD.
Those who successfully complete their M.Tech or PhD degree in nanotechnology can find job as nanotechnologists; specialists or scientists. The areas where a nanotechnologist can seek employment include biotechnology, agriculture, food, genetics, space research, medicine and so on. Job opportunities are also available in National Physical Laboratory, Indian Institute of Astrophysics etc. Candidates with PhD can also join as faculty members in Universities and colleges or research fields.