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Articles

Nanotechnology : Course and Scope

Gopakumar Karakonam

Nanotechnology assumes much importance  in the modern scientific  and   technological world of experiments. Nanotechnology is the application of science, engineering and technology to develop novel materials and devices  in various fields in the nano range.  Despite its focus on micro world this emerging, multidisciplinary  subject has potential  to  influence every aspects of life. Nanotechnology is one of the top-ranked  subjects in academic and research field. It is  an enabling technology which generates  new capabilities, products, markets  and so on.

Study Facilities
 
Nanotechnology programmes are available as five year integrated M.Tech degree course,  two year M.Tech  degree course, MSc degree course in  nanoscience and M.Tech degree in nanomedical science etc.
 
A few universities offer  five year integrated M.Tech degree course in nanotechnology for students  who have passed plus two / equivalent examination with physics, chemistry and mathematics or biology with high marks or grades.
 
The Amity Institute of Nanotechnology in Noida and Jaipur offer integrated  M.Tech course in nanotechnology. Sastra University, Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu offer  integrated M.Tech degree course in Medical Nanotechnology

Two year M.Tech
 
Two year full time  M.Tech programme in nanotechnology is conducted for B.Tech and MSc  degree holders in specified branches /  disciplines.
 
The National Institute of Technology (NIT) Calicut conducts M.Tech programme in Nanotechnology. This programme is designed for students with a background in mechanical / production / chemical  engineering and it deals with topics related to the fundamentals and applications of the subject  with a focus on emerging areas in nanoscience  and nanotechnology.

The course contents include fundamental and applied  subjects such as physics  of materials, thermodynamics of nano materials and systems, mechanics of molecular size  elements,  microscale and nanoscale    heat transfer,  nano sized structures, experimental techniques in nanotechnology and micro electro  mechanical systems and a variety of elective subjects  ranging from computational nanotechnology  to composite materials from which students can choose according to their background  and interest. Laboratory  courses dealing with production and applications  of nanoparticles, nanofluids  and nanocomposite will also be offered as part of curriculum.

The specialisation  in nanotechnology  holds a very high potential  for employment in research and development, academics and industries. BE/ B.Tech  holders in relevant discipline with atleast 60 percent marks in aggregate along with a  valid GATE Score  are eligible  for admission to M.Tech programme in nanotechnology  (www.nitc.ac.in)
 
The Department of Physics of Jamia Millia  Islamia, New Delhi  offers M.Tech degree course in nanotechnology. The entry qualification is MSc  degree in physics (chemistry  with mathematics upto  atleast Bachelors degree level) / electronics  science /  material science/ electronic instrumentation with atleast 55 percent marks in aggregate or bachelors  degree in electrical / mechanical / electronics and communication / computer engineering / instrumentation / computer science with not less than  60 % marks. The duration of the course is two years having four  semesters. Course contents includes introduction to solid state physics, fundamental of nanoscience and nanotechnology, foundation in microsystems and nanotechnology.
 
The Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee  provides excellent study facilities for M.Tech degree course in nanotechnology (
www.iitr.ac.in)
 
Vellore  Institute  of Technology, Vellore offers M.Tech degree course in nanotechnology.
 
Amity Institute of Nanotechnology offers a two year M.Tech degree course in nanotechnology.  Those who have obtained a degree in electrical,  mechanical, electronics and communication or computer engineering or MSc degree in biotechnology, computer science , physics, chemistry, electronics  science,  material science, electronic instrumentation are eligible for admission.
 
Amity Institute of Nanotechnology also offers MSc degree course in Industrial Nanoscience.  Entry qualification is B.Tech or BSc degree in physics, chemistry, biotechnology and electronics. The institute comes under the Amity University in the private sector (
www.amity.edu).
 
Some other universities and institutes offering post graduate programmes in nanotechnology or nanoscience are as follows:
• Department of Physics and Astrophysics, University  of Delhi (
www.du.ac.in) – M.Tech course in nanoscience and nanotechnology.
• Anna University, Coimbatore (
www.annauniv.ac.in)- M.Tech in Nanotechnology.
• Periyar Maniamma University, Vallam, Thanjavur (
www.pmu.edu) – M.Tech Nanotechnology.
• Bharathiar University, Coimbatore (
www.b-u.ac.in)- MSc in Nanoscience and Technology.
• SRM University, Kattankulathur (
www.srmuniv.ac.in) – MS degree course in nanoscience.
• Amrita Institute of Medical Science, Kochi (
www.amrita.edu) – M.Tech in Nano Medical Science and Technology.
• Kalasalingam University, Anandnagar, Krishnankoil, Virudunagar, Tamil Nadu, (
www.kalasinglam.ac.in) – M.Tech in Nanotechnology.
• Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, Ranchi – ME  course with nanotechnology as an elective subject.

(The list is only indicative)

Research

Those who successfully complete  the M.Tech / PG programmes  with good marks  can go for research studies leading to PhD in nanotechnology. Delhi University,  Banaras Hindu University, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore etc have research facilities in nanotechnology leading to PhD.

Job Opportunities

Those who successfully  complete their M.Tech or PhD degree in nanotechnology can find job as nanotechnologists; specialists or scientists. The areas where a  nanotechnologist can  seek employment  include biotechnology, agriculture, food, genetics, space research, medicine and so on. Job opportunities are also available in National  Physical  Laboratory, Indian Institute of Astrophysics etc. Candidates with PhD can also join as faculty members in Universities and colleges or research fields.

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